Geotools处理shape文件

shape文件结构

  • filename.shp: shapes
  • filename.shx: 索引文件
  • filename.dbf: 结构化数据文件
  • filename.qix: 空间索引文件
  • filename.fix: fid索引文件
  • filename.sld: 样式文件

依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.geotools</groupId>
    <artifactId>gt-main</artifactId>
    <version>27.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.geotools</groupId>
    <artifactId>gt-shapefile</artifactId>
    <version>27.2</version>
</dependency>

创建连接

连接参数
Parameter required Description
url true .shp文件的url
namespace false FeatureType的URI
create spatial index false 是否创建空间索引,默认true
charset false 解码DBF文件的编码,默认ISO_8859_1
timezone false 解析DBF文件时间的时区
memory mapped buffer false 内存映射,默认false
cache and reuse memory maps false 使用内存映射时,缓存并重用,默认true
enable spatial index false 是否使用空间索引,默认true

代码示例

/**
 * 
 * 创建shape文件
 * 
 * */

FileDataStoreFactorySpi factory = new ShapefileDataStoreFactory();

//新建文件
File file = new File("my.shp");
//datastore
Map<String, Object> params = new HashMap<>();
params.put("url", file.toURI().toURL());
params.put("create spatial index", Boolean.TRUE);
DataStore dataStore = factory.createNewDataStore(params);


//Feature数据定义
SimpleFeatureTypeBuilder typeBuilder = new SimpleFeatureTypeBuilder();
//图层名
typeBuilder.setName("myLayer");
//空间坐标
typeBuilder.setCRS(CRS.decode("EPSG:4490"));
typeBuilder.add("the_geom", Point.class);
//普通属性字段
typeBuilder.add("id", String.class);
typeBuilder.length(10).add("name", String.class);//字段长度
typeBuilder.add("number",Integer.class);
typeBuilder.add("double",Double.class);
typeBuilder.add("time",Date.class);
SimpleFeatureType featureType = typeBuilder.buildFeatureType();
//创建feature定义到shape
dataStore.createSchema(featureType);

/**
 * 写数据到shape文件
 * 
 * */


//shape中feature定义
Map<String, Object> params = new HashMap<>();
params.put("url", file.toURI().toURL());
DataStore dataStore2 = DataStoreFinder.getDataStore(params);
String typeName = dataStore2.getTypeNames()[0];
SimpleFeatureSource featureSource = dataStore2.getFeatureSource(typeName);
SimpleFeatureType schema = featureSource.getSchema();

//事务处理
Transaction transaction = new DefaultTransaction("create");

if (featureSource instanceof SimpleFeatureStore) {
    SimpleFeatureStore featureStore = (SimpleFeatureStore) featureSource;

    //创建一条数据 feature
    List<SimpleFeature> features = new ArrayList<>();
    GeometryFactory geometryFactory = JTSFactoryFinder.getGeometryFactory();
    SimpleFeatureBuilder featureBuilder = new SimpleFeatureBuilder(schema);
    Point point = geometryFactory.createPoint(new Coordinate(106.69563874,29.563694210810283));
    featureBuilder.set("the_geom",point);
    featureBuilder.set("id","id1");
    featureBuilder.set("name","name1");
    featureBuilder.set("number1",100);
    featureBuilder.set("number2",66.0);
    featureBuilder.set("time",new Date());
    SimpleFeature feature = featureBuilder.buildFeature(null);
    features.add(feature);

    SimpleFeatureCollection collection = new ListFeatureCollection(schema, features);
    featureStore.setTransaction(transaction);
    try {
        //写入shape中
        featureStore.addFeatures(collection);
        transaction.commit();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        transaction.rollback();
    } finally {
        transaction.close();
    }
} else {
    System.out.println("写入失败");
}


/**
 * 读取shape文件数据
 * 
 * */
DataStore dataStore3 = new ShapefileDataStore(file.toURI().toURL());

String typeName = dataStore3.getTypeNames()[0];
FeatureSource<SimpleFeatureType, SimpleFeature> source =dataStore3.getFeatureSource(typeName);
Filter filter = Filter.INCLUDE;

FeatureCollection<SimpleFeatureType, SimpleFeature> collection = source.getFeatures(filter);
try (FeatureIterator<SimpleFeature> features = collection.features()) {
    //features必须关闭,否则会造成内存泄漏
    while (features.hasNext()) {
        SimpleFeature feature = features.next();
        feature.getProperties().stream().peek(e-> System.out.println(e.getName().getLocalPart() + " = " + e.getValue()));
    }
}

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